Spinal cord compression is an uncomfortable condition that can interfere with your daily life routine. This condition is caused when something or someone puts pressure on your spinal cord. Do you know what the spinal cord is?
Neurologists in Lahore explain that the spinal cord is the bundle of nerves that carries messages back and forth from your brain to your body’s soft tissues and muscles.
Vertebrae is the stack of backbones that protect your spinal cold that travels down your back. These backbones also help to hold your body upright. Spinal cord nerves run through the openings between your vertebrae and out to your muscles.
If you want to learn where spinal cord compression occurs, my answer would be that it can happen anywhere. It may occur anywhere from your neck to your lower back.
It brings different signs and symptoms but experiencing them depends on the area where you are affected. The treatment could be supportive care or you need to go for emergency surgery.
Causes of Spinal Cord Compression
Different causes can result in spinal cord compression. Experts share that the most common reason is the gradual wear and tear on the bones of the spines. It is also known as osteoarthritis.
People who are above 50 are at risk of compression of the spinal cord. Other conditions can trigger your spinal cord pressure, and it can happen at any age.
It often occurs gradually or suddenly as it depends on different factors, such as a spinal tumor, rheumatoid arthritis, infection, certain bone disease, abnormal spine alignment, etc.
Signs and Symptoms of Spinal Cord Compression
You may experience symptoms of spinal cord compression suddenly or it can come gradually. All such signs and symptoms depend on the causing factor of spinal cord compression. If a person has an injury, the symptoms may come immediately.
Infections or tumors are also the causing factors that take time to develop or you can experience over days or weeks.
Experts reveal that wear and tear of the spine may take a long time like years to cause signs.
Here are some symptoms that can help you diagnose spinal cord compression.
- Loss of sensation in the feet
- Loss of sexual ability
- Cramping, numbness, and feeling weakness in legs, hands, and arms
- Burning pain in arms, buttocks, and sciatica, (down into the legs)
- The trouble with hand coordination
- Foot drop
Nerves pressure in the lumbar region leads to some serious symptoms that are known as cauda euina syndrome. Medical help can reduce the symptoms. But some other severe symptoms need instant medical help. What are severe compression signs?
- When you feel severe numbness between your inner thighs, back of the legs, and legs
- When you experience loss of bowel and bladder control
- Feeling weakness that runs from one leg to another and does not allow you to walk easily.
How to Diagnose Spinal Cord Compression?
To diagnose spinal cord compression, you need to visit a healthcare provider. Your healthcare provider will ask you about your regular routine and what signs you experience along with a complete physical exam.
Different signs and questions can help the provider to confirm if you are suffering from spinal cord compression or not.
You may feel the loss of sensation, abnormal reflexes, weakness, etc.
Different tests can help your healthcare provider to confirm the condition.
X-ray of the spine shows your bone growth. It is also known as spurs that push against spinal nerves. It also diagnoses if something is wrong with your spine alignment.
Spine special imaging tests like CT and MRI scans are used.
How to Treat Spinal Cord Compression?
Arthritis specialists, bone surgeons, physical therapists, and nerve specialists often contribute to the medical team to treat spinal cord compression.
Treatment for such a condition involves injections, surgery, medications, and physical therapy.
Regular exercise and good body posture are the best prevention tips that can help to avoid compression of the spinal cord. Make sure that you go with a healthy weight and do not put pressure on your back.