In today’s world, people lack nutrients due to bad habits and unhealthy lifestyles, resulting in damage to the immune system. Another alarming reason for malnutrition is the adulterated food products, inorganic vegetables and fruits of substandard quality leading to severe health problems. Hence, to prevent nutritional deficiency and the diseases caused by them, it is advisable to consume vitamins, minerals and probiotics in supplements.
When it comes to supplements, make sure to buy from recommended brands like life space probiotics, optimum nutrition, BPI sport, etc. In markets, nutritional supplements are available for vitamins, minerals, probiotics, proteins, carbohydrates and fats.
Health issues caused due to malnutrition
Health problems are caused in the form of deficiencies leading to diseases and allergies. Let us discuss the nutritional deficiencies and the source of nutrients in detail below.
Vitamin-A is a crucial nutrient for eye health and reproductive health for men as well as women. It is vital to boost the immunity of our system to fight against infections. Beta-carotene is a substance rich in antioxidants which are converted to vitamin-A whenever needed. For babies, vitamin-A is obtained from breast milk. Adults can take vitamin-A rich sources like broccoli, spinach, carrot, sweet potatoes, eggs, milk, pumpkin, papaya, peaches, tomatoes, etc.
It is also known as thiamine which is found in our nervous system responsible for converting carbohydrates to energy for steady metabolism. The thiamin deficiency can cause weight loss, dementia, fatigue, short term memory loss and confusion. This deficiency is mainly due to alcohol consumption because it damages the ability of the liver to store thiamine. The thiamine is available in wheat germ, pork, seeds, legumes, eggs, etc.
Vitamin-B3, known as niacin, is a mineral necessary to convert food into energy. Niacin can be found abundant in peanuts and animal proteins. The health issues caused due to the deficiency are diarrhoea, skin diseases and dementia.
Folate or Vitamin-B9
Folate is the prime nutrient for producing red blood cells and DNA. This vitamin helps in the development of the brain and the functioning of the nervous system.
Folate deficiency can lead to anaemia, stunted growth and congenital disabilities. The prime sources of folate are citrus fruits, asparagus, red meat, whole grains, leafy green veggies, beans, lentils, etc.
Cobalamin or Vitamin-B12
Cobalamin is responsible for producing red blood cells, and the deficiency is mainly caused for old age people, vegans, diabetic patients, etc. This deficiency may cause pernicious anaemia, dizziness, weight loss, shortness of breath etc. The sources are mainly yeast, red meat and other animal products.
Vitamin D is responsible for bone health because it helps in maintaining the balance in calcium levels. Deficiency due to vitamin D may lead to bone weakening, causing osteoporosis. The source of vitamin D is mushrooms, fish liver oils, liver, egg yolks and dairy products. Another important and natural source of vitamin D is sunlight.
Iron deficiency is the most widespread deficiency around the world. Iron deficiency is a blood-related problem causing weakness and fatigue. The best sources of iron are eggs, red meat and dark leafy vegetables.
Calcium is responsible for the strong growth of teeth and bones. It is also responsible for the heart, muscles and nerves to function normally. Calcium can be obtained from dairy products, cereals, kale, grains and broccoli.
Treating and preventing nutritional deficiency
The deficiencies can be treated and prevented with the help of a balanced diet and by maintaining our gut health. All the deficiencies are mainly caused due to indigestion and constipation. So products from life space probiotics can help in maintaining gut health. Furthermore, if you choose nutritional supplements, you better consult a doctor for an opinion or buy approved brands to maintain good health.